In order to improve the quality of hospitality and tourism staff and secondary vocational education in general in the tourism sector, the Ministry of Tourism has published a public call for secondary vocational schools to promote, strengthen competencies and raise the quality of human resources. A total of HRK 400 from the program will be available for a wide range of projects, from the creation of tourism products, promotion and introduction of IT communication technologies to the development of regional educational centers and cooperation with international centers of excellence.Grants will be awarded for the development of new tourism products (nautical, health, cultural, business, golf, cycling, rural and mountain, eno and gastro, youth, social, etc.) which will contribute to strengthening the competitiveness of the destination in which the school findings, which are based on cross-sectoral connectivity, environmental protection and the introduction of new technologies, then for projects created in cooperation with other educational sectors for tourism development, for projects to strengthen the competitiveness of human resources through the development of regional secondary education centers, training centers, international educational centers of excellence, etc.Projects are open to secondary vocational and art schools founded by the City of Zagreb, the County or the Republic of Croatia, a each school that applies for the project, applies a team consisting of 1 project leader (professor / mentor) and at least 3 members (students). The amount of requested funds can be a maximum of HRK 20 thousand, if one applicant (school) applies, or HRK 40 thousand if two or more applicants (partners) apply. When selecting projects, the compliance of the project with The Tourism Development Strategy of the Republic of Croatia until 2020, and priorities for the award of grants will have, inter alia, projects involving cooperation with institutions and other stakeholders from the public, private and civil sectors, then projects that are aligned with the 11 thematic objectives for the use of EU funds in the financial perspective 2014- 2020 and those applying through a partnership (two or more schools together).As an indicator of the success of the Program itself, last year, out of a total of 22 projects, the three best were selected and presented with a commendation from the Minister of Tourism. These are the following projects: “Hotel for tomorrow“(Anton Štifanić Poreč School of Tourism and Hospitality in partnership with the Pula Technical School,„Why Osijek does not have a tourist boat”(Catering and Tourism School Osijek) and“ Aureus Mons ”(Technical School Požega in partnership with the School of Crafts from Požega).The public call is open until April 20, 2016, and more information about the program and the necessary documentation for project applications can be found on the website Ministry of Tourism.Source: Ministry of Tourism
Association of teachers in the field of hospitality education ( UNUO ), as part of the CookLook project organizes a free workshop “Accessible tourism and work with groups with special needs and all types of disabilities” which will be held 04.10.2016. in Zagreb.The project activities are also aimed at introducing tourist guides to the basics of working with groups with special needs and all types of disabilities, and see the entire program of the workshop here. After more than 12 years of working in restaurants and hotels, as well as in the hotel restaurant of the Esplanade Hotel, Vedran Habel, president of the Association of Teachers in Hospitality Education, decided to share his knowledge and experience and educate people with special needs to improve quality of life. Due to the desire to improve education, he founded an association so that as many people eager to transfer knowledge as possible get the opportunity to be part of various educational projects. “I had a desire to transfer the gained work experience to others, so I got a job as a teacher of cooking and a teacher of national dishes at the Public Open University in Zagreb. After some time and experience, I was intrigued by the differences between people, so I expanded my teaching horizons to various workshops related to projects to improve the lives of people with disabilities, teaching cooking skills to people with disabilities, cooking for women ambassadors, nutrition nutrition athletes and more countless other educational programs. ” said Habel.The vision of the association is to improve the education of people with disabilities, and that through education and cooking workshops, above all, provide an opportunity for people with disabilities to show their ability to work in the hospitality industry and more easily find employment in the profession. For more information on the Association of Teachers in the Hospitality Education, see website.
Email Share on Facebook LinkedIn Share Pinterest Share on Twitter Early intervention can benefit children with autism spectrum disorder. However, while signs of autism have been observed in infants as early as two to six months of age, the disorder is difficult to diagnose before age 2.In the new study, the researchers observed behavioral symptoms characteristic of autism in a particularly high-risk group of young children: those born prematurely. Observing early behaviors may give researchers and clinicians indicators to look for early in life so they can recommend timely diagnostic testing and interventions to improve a baby’s adaptive responses and outcome.The researchers evaluated 62 premature infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at St. Louis Children’s Hospital. The infants were born at least 10 weeks before they reached full term and were evaluated close to the dates they were supposed to have been born.The researchers focused on whether the infants made eye contact or averted their gazes; responded to objects or people around them; interacted socially; and calmed themselves when upset. They also looked at whether the babies exhibited a horizontal repetitive eye movement called nystagmus.Of the 62 preemies, 58 were observed for visual cues; the others were asleep during visits from the researchers. Of those 58 babies, 41 averted their gazes, and 21 showed nystagmus. Nearly all of the infants with nystagmus — 19 — also averted their gazes.When the babies in the study were screened for autism at age 2, using a recognized screening checklist for autism in toddlers, 13 — or 21 percent — screened positive. A positive finding indicates a child is at risk and should receive diagnostic testing. The researchers were surprised to find that many of the babies who had averted their gazes and showed signs of nystagmus as infants did not display warning signs of autism at age 2.“Surprisingly, we found that the children who later screened positive for autism were more likely as infants to not avert their gazes during social interaction,” Pineda said. “They were more likely to sustain eye contact.”Pineda speculated that premature infants in the NICU may avert their gazes as a coping mechanism to help them deal with the stress of an intense environment during a vulnerable period of development. So absence of gaze aversion, she said, could signal an inability to avoid stressors.“This could explain why some infants behave differently in social interactions as babies than later, as children,” Pineda said. “Better understanding how autism traits emerge along the developmental pathway is an important area for future research.”With nearly one in 68 children in the U.S. diagnosed with autism, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Pineda and her colleagues hope the new study will motivate researchers to better define differences in development across the lifespan, including the neonatal period.Screening tools for autism spectrum disorder don’t exist for infants, but research is needed to improve understanding of how autism traits emerge, she said. This would help pave the way for early interventions aimed at improving life skills and allowing those with autism to lead more productive lives. Premature babies are at an increased risk for developing autism spectrum disorder. But a small study indicates that preemies who avoid eye contact in early infancy are less likely to demonstrate symptoms of autism at age 2 than preemies who maintain eye contact during early interactions, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.“Children with autism typically have challenges with social interaction and may avoid eye contact, but it turned out that children in this study who had characteristics of autism at age 2 were more likely to maintain eye contact and not avert their gazes in early infancy,” said first author Bobbi Pineda, PhD, assistant professor in occupational therapy and in pediatrics.The research is available in the July/August issue of The American Journal of Occupational Therapy.
LinkedIn Pinterest Email For years, news organizations that post content on the Internet have allowed readers to leave comments about stories. Often, these readers’ comments become a forum for political debates and other communication that the news organizations do not consider important to their journalistic practices.Now, researchers from the University of Missouri School of Journalism have found that editors and owners of news organizations may want to pay more attention to what their readers are saying about their news stories in order to better serve their consumers. Timothy Vos, an associate professor of journalism studies at MU, says that readers value different journalistic traits as well as hold other expectations for journalists.“Traditional journalistic values include traits such as objectivity, truthfulness and accuracy,” Vos said. “Although most journalists were trained and brought up valuing these ideals, we found that many readers have an additional list of traits that they value in their news reporting. Although news organizations don’t necessarily need to readjust what ideals they find important, they should at least understand what their readers value, not only to serve them better, but also to maintain viability.” Share Share on Twitter Share on Facebook For his study, Timothy Vos and Stephanie Craft, an associate professor at the University of Illinois, and David Wolfgang, a doctoral student at MU, examined thousands of reader comments on ombudsman columns of three national online news publications: The New York Times, Washington Post and National Public Radio (NPR). They found reoccurring comments calling for journalistic ideals outside of traditional values, such as transparency.Vos also found that readers often hold journalism outlets to basic social standards that are better applied to individuals rather than corporate entities. He found multiple occurrences of such adjectives as sanctimonious, self-absorbed, judgmental, inhumane, and lazy to describe entire news outlets. Vos says leaders of news outlets should be aware of how their organizations are being judged by readers.“News organizations, like all businesses, are seeking to establish and build their identities,” Vos said. “In doing so, it is important to know how people view their brand and what standards they hold for you. News leaders need to understand how readers are anthropomorphizing their organizations by applying human adjectives to non-human entities. Understanding this phenomenon can help news organizations better evaluate and address how to best present their brands to the public.”This study was published in Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism.
Pinterest Workplace violence perpetrated by military personnel is a major concern of the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). Although programs have been implemented to teach violence prevention strategies to all military personnel, such programs are much less intensive than others developed in settings for people judged to be at high risk of violent behavior.But what is the best way to predict who is at high risk for committing violent acts?A new report published online today in Psychological Medicine suggests that big data predictive analytic methods might help provide an answer. The report describes research funded by the DoD and conducted in collaboration with the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS), a multicomponent epidemiological-neurobiological study of Army suicides and related behavioral health outcomes. Share Share on Facebook Share on Twitter LinkedIn Email The report describes the development of a machine learning model based on an analysis of administrative data available for all 975,057 Regular U.S. Army soldiers on active duty from 2004 to 2009. The model was constructed to predict which soldiers would subsequently commit a severe physical violent crime.Hundreds of potential predictors were examined using the extensive administrative records available for all soldiers. The 5 percent of soldiers classified by the final model as having the highest predicted risk accounted for 36.2 percent of all major physical violent crimes committed by men and 33.1 percent by women over the six years of study. When the model was applied to a more recent cohort from 2011 to 2013, the 5 percent of soldiers with highest predicted risk accounted for 50.5 percent of all major physical violent crimes.“These numbers are striking,”said Ronald Kessler, the McNeil Family Professor of Health Care Policy at HMS and principal investigator on the project. “They show us that predictive analytic models can pinpoint the soldiers at highest violence risk for preventive interventions. Targeting such interventions might be the best way to bring down the violent crime rate in the Army.”“The fact that the model identifies such a high proportion of violent crimes is especially exciting because the variables used in the model are routinely collected administrative data the Army can use to identify high-risk soldiers without carrying out expensive one-on-one clinical assessments,” said Anthony Rosellini, a postdoctoral fellow at HMS and the lead author of the paper.John Monahan, the John S. Shannon Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of Virginia School of Law, another study author, cautioned that “it is important to recognize that severe violent crimes are uncommon even in this high-risk group. This means that implementing intensive high-risk preventive interventions would make sense only if the interventions are shown to be highly efficient–something that has not yet been demonstrated.”
Below are seven facts about depression from researchers studying psychology and neuroscience.1.) Some forms of “positive thinking” have been linked to depression. Research published in the journal Psychological Science found people who fantasized about an idealized future tended to have fewer depressive symptoms in the present, but faced more depressive symptoms in the future. “Inducing positive fantasies may indeed produce depressive symptoms by encouraging people to enjoy their success prematurely in their minds, thus lowering energy and effort,” which leads to failures in the future, the researchers explained.2.) Persistent depression can damage parts of the brain. Research published in Molecular Psychiatry found depression was associated with hippocampal shrinkage. (The hippocampus is an area of the brain responsible for memory formation.) “Your whole sense of self depends on continuously understanding who you are in the world – your state of memory is not about just knowing how to do Sudoku or remembering your password – it’s the whole concept we hold of ourselves,” said co-author Ian Hickie. LinkedIn Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Pinterest Email Share 3.) Research published in Depression and Anxiety found the more time young adults spent using social media, the more likely they were to be depressed. But the cause-and-effect relationship is unclear. “It may be that people who already are depressed are turning to social media to fill a void,” explained lead author Lui yi Lin.4.) Other research suggests that addiction to mobile technology is linked to depression. “People who self-described as having really addictive style behaviors toward the Internet and cellphones scored much higher on depression and anxiety scales,” the researchers said. Luckily, simply using mobile devices to alleviate boredom was not associated with depression.5.) Youth who join gangs are more likely to be depressed and suicidal, according to a study in the journal Criminal Justice and Behavior. “Youth who join a gang are much more likely to have mental health issues, and then being in the gang actually makes it worse,” said researcher Chris Melde. “It doesn’t act as an antidepressant. And some people may be seeking that out – a sense of well-being or purpose.”6.) Research published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society concluded that face-to-face social interactions can guard against depression in older adults. “Research has long-supported the idea that strong social bonds strengthen people’s mental health. But this is the first look at the role that the type of communication with loved ones and friends plays in safeguarding people from depression. We found that all forms of socialization aren’t equal. Phone calls and digital communication, with friends or family members, do not have the same power as face-to-face social interactions in helping to stave off depression,” said lead author Alan Teo.7.) Depression may increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes when combined with other metabolic risk factors, according to a study in the journal Molecular Psychiatry. Depression alone did not appear to significantly increase the risk. But those with both depression and metabolic risk factors were more than six times more likely to develop diabetes. This could be because people suffering from depression are less likely to adhere to medical advice or because depression causes changes in the body’s metabolic systems (or both.)
LinkedIn Previous studies looking at the link between cortisol and obesity relied mainly on measurements of the hormone in blood, saliva or urine which may vary according to the time of day and other situational factors. These studies failed to capture long-term cortisol levels.This research involved 2,527 men and women aged 54 and older taking part in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, taking data over a four-year period.In the research, the scientists took a lock of hair 2cm long from each participant which was cut as close possible to a person’s scalp – this represented approximately two months’ hair growth with associated accumulated levels of cortisol. They also examined the participants’ weight, body mass index and waist circumference and how hair cortisol related to the persistence of obesity over time.They found that people who had higher levels of cortisol present in their hair tended to have larger waist circumference measurements, were heavier, and had a higher body mass index (BMI). Individuals classified as obese on the basis of their BMI (?30) or waist circumference (?102cm in men, ?88cm in women) had particularly high levels of hair cortisol.“These results provide consistent evidence that chronic stress is associated with higher levels of obesity,” said Dr Sarah Jackson (UCL Epidemiology and Public Health) who led the research. “People who had higher hair cortisol levels also tended to have larger waist measurements, which is important because carrying excess fat around the abdomen is a risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, and premature death.”“Hair cortisol is a relatively new measure which offers a suitable and easily obtainable method for assessing chronically high levels of cortisol concentrations in weight research and may therefore aid in further advancing understanding in this area.”There were limitations to the study, which included the fact the data was from an older population in which levels of cortisol may differ relative to younger adults and the sample was almost exclusively white. It is not currently known whether chronically elevated cortisol levels are a cause or a consequence of obesity.More research is needed and if causation is proved, then targeting cortisol levels may offer a new method for treating obesity. Share on Twitter People who suffer long-term stress may also be more prone to obesity, according to research by scientists at UCL which involved examining hair samples for levels of cortisol, a hormone which regulates the body’s response to stress.The paper, published in the journal Obesity, showed that exposure to higher levels of cortisol over several months is associated with people being more heavily, and more persistently, overweight.Chronic stress has long been hypothesised to be implicated in obesity – people tend to report overeating and ‘comfort eating’ foods high in fat, sugar and calories in times of stress, and the stress hormone cortisol plays an important role in metabolism and determining where fat is stored. Pinterest Share Share on Facebook Email
Jun 24, 2010 (CIDRAP News) – The World Health Organization (WHO) has shipped about 38 million doses of donated pandemic H1N1 influenza vaccine to 56 developing countries so far, with another 39 million doses expected to be shipped by the end of July, the agency said in a recent update.Last year the WHO declared a goal of providing enough H1N1 vaccine to cover about 10% of the populations of 95 developing countries, or roughly 200 million people. The agency has collected pledges for 200 million doses, and donors so far have signed agreements worth 118.6 million doses, according to the WHO update posted Jun 18.Vaccine deliveries through Jun 18 totaled 37.87 million doses, which were spread among 56 countries, the report says. The amounts range from 1,000 doses for the island of Tuvalu to 3.5 million doses for South Africa.The WHO said another 23 countries are scheduled to receive vaccine shipments totaling 39.1 million doses by the end of July. Bangladesh is due for the largest share, 12.6 million doses.In addition to vaccine, donors have pledged to supply 70 million syringes and 500,000 safety boxes. The WHO said another 54.5 million syringes and 930,000 safety boxes are still needed to match the committed amount of vaccine.Donors also have pledged $48 million (US) to cover operating costs, which is expected to be enough to deploy all the pledged vaccine doses, the report says. That sum is well below earlier estimates of the cost, such as a $233 million figure mentioned in December.To receive vaccine donations, countries must accept certain terms and conditions and develop a national vaccine deployment plan. The WHO said 99 countries have requested vaccine, 86 have signed agreements, 73 have completed deployment plans, and 6 are refining their deployment plans.The WHO report did not list the vaccine donors. In December the agency said six vaccine manufacturers and 12 countries had pledged a total of about 180 million doses.See also: Jun 18 WHO update on H1N1 vaccine distributionhttp://www.who.int/csr/disease/swineflu/action/h1n1_vaccine_deployment_update20100618.pdfDec 17, 2009, CIDRAP News story “Three Asian countries top list to get donated H1N1 vaccine”
Oct 8, 2010 (CIDRAP News) – The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) yesterday issued final estimates for last season’s flu vaccine and the 2009 H1N1 monovalent vaccine, confirming a record number of flu vaccine doses distributed.The CDC’s report on the vaccines, published yesterday on its Web site, is a follow-up to preliminary and state-by-state coverage estimates that it issued in April.The agency had anticipated that uptake of seasonal flu vaccine last fall and winter would be influenced by heightened interest in flu due to pandemic flu activity, which came with public health recommendations to get the seasonal vaccine early. Manufacturers rushed to roll out the seasonal flu vaccine to make way for the pandemic vaccine, which came more slowly and with fewer early doses than first projected.The 2009-10 flu season was also the first full year that seasonal flu vaccines were formally recommended for all school-aged children.Health officials are eager to see how a new universal flu vaccination recommendation for everyone age 6 months and older that takes effect this season will influence uptake levels for the coming flu season.The CDC based its estimates for the two vaccines on two surveys, the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, an ongoing state-based phone survey of about 400,000 adults, and the National 2009 H1N1 Flu Survey (NHFS), which began last October and ended in June. It based its final estimates for the vaccines on vaccinations reported through May 2010 and interviews conducted through June.Estimates are a little higher than previous projections for both vaccines because the data includes a broader vaccination period that extended through May 2010.Seasonal flu vaccine patternsFor the seasonal vaccine, the CDC estimates that national coverage for all people ages 6 months and older was 41.2%, slightly higher than its earlier projection of 39.7% for the population as a whole. It said about 123 million people received the seasonal flu vaccine through May 2010, an increase from the previous estimate of 118.8 million.Rates were highest for seniors at 69.6%, followed by adults between the ages of 50 and 64 (45%), children ages 6 months through 17 years (43.7%), younger adults with underlying conditions (38.2%), and healthy younger adults (28.4%).The CDC cautioned that the seasonal flu vaccine coverage is an overestimate, because the reported coverage level of 123 million exceeds the 114 million doses of seasonal vaccine that were distributed. In its early estimate the CDC had said that respondent confusion over the two types of flu vaccines might have contributed to some overreporting.Compared with the 2008-2009 flu season, coverage rates rose for all groups except for adults ages 50 through 64.Pandemic flu vaccine findingsFor the pandemic vaccine, the CDC estimates that national coverage for all groups was 27%, which is slightly higher than the April estimate of 24%. About 80.8 million people received the 2009 H1N1 vaccine, according to the latest estimate, compared with the earlier estimate of 72 million.Coverage was highest in children ages 6 months through age 17 at 40.5% followed by seniors (28.9%), people ages 25 through 64 in high-risk groups (28.6%), and healthy people ages 25 through 64 (18.7%). Pandemic vaccine coverage was 34.2% in the CDC’s initial target group: children, younger adults, people with underlying medical conditions, pregnant women, and healthcare workers.The CDC said high uptake of the pandemic vaccine in children probably reflects the focus many states had on childhood vaccinations, the use of school-based vaccination clinics, and a recognition that children were at risk for severe disease.See also:Oct 7 CDC seasonal and pandemic flu vaccine reportApr 29 CIDRAP News story “Seasonal flu vaccine uptake rose in 2009-10″Apr 2 CIDRAP News story “CDC estimates 24% of Americans received H1N1 vaccine”
Jul 17, 2012US, Canadian E coli outbreak in spring linked to California lettuceCalifornia-grown romaine lettuce is the probable source of an Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak that occurred in April and May in California, New Brunswick, and Quebec, eFoodAlert reported yesterday. At least 28 people have been confirmed ill in the outbreak, the story said. The 18 New Brunswick case-patients all ate at Jungle Jim’s, a Miramichi restaurant, from Apr 23 to 26. Most of the nine California cases were linked to an unnamed restaurant in April. No information has been provided about the Quebec case or whether more than one person was infected there. Ronald Owens, public information officer with the California Department of Public Health, said investigators traced the contaminated lettuce to a single farm but could not pinpoint the original source of contamination. “The field had long since been harvested at the time of the investigation, and all lettuce from the implicated lots had long since been consumed or disposed,” he said.Jul 16 eFoodAlert postUSDA to preserve produce-testing program for nowThe US Department of Agriculture (USDA) has decided to keep its little-known produce testing program going until the end of this year instead of shutting it down on Jul 31, following press coverage of the proposed shutdown, Food Safety News (FSN) reported today. FSN reported last week that ending the program, called the Microbiological Data Program, would reduce government testing of produce for Salmonella, Listeria, and pathogenic E coli by 80%. “While the Microbiological Data Program does not align with USDA’s core mission, the department will continue its work with state partners using existing agreements to conduct sampling and testing through this program through the end of the year,” a USDA spokesman told FSN. The Obama administration did not request funds for the $4.5 million program in its proposed 2013 budget, and Congress has not included it in appropriations bills. According to FSN, the program tests 16,000 to 18,000 produce samples annually. From 2009 to 2012, the program found Salmonella 100 times, E coli O157:H7 twice, and Listeria 8 times, the story said. The findings sparked 23 Salmonella recalls, 2 E coli O157:H7 recalls, and 5 Listeria recalls.Jul 17 FSN story