When a friend from Fiji broached the idea of commemorating the end of Indian Indentureship – and this is an academic with a PhD from New School for Social Research in NY – he was also trying to pin down the actual date it occurred. Indentureship in South Africa and Mauritius ended in 1911 and 1912, respectively, but not Fiji, Guyana, the rest of the British Caribbean and Suriname. There were several dates mentioned in literature and after tracking these down, we settled on March 12, 1917 when Governor General Hardinge of India passed an order prohibiting any further recruitment and shipping of Indian Indentureds. The official date from the British Parliament came on January 1, 1920.But in doing the research, I was struck that it had to be done in the first place: it was not a date that was stuck on the calendar over the years to be commemorated. I found this surprising in light of the significance of Emancipation Day for the descendants of enslaved Africans, since so much of the historiography of Indians in the Caribbean had been mapped on to that of the former group.On reflection, however, it is not that surprising: there was no way to shoehorn the two events into one historical box. Even though some historians have attempted to suggest that Indenture was “A new form of slavery” – following Hugh Tinker’s seminal work from 1974 with that same name, fundamentally they really were not. Emancipation Day arrived after centuries of struggle, including riots, uprisings, a humanitarian struggle in the British Parliament and behind it all, the inexorable development of the British economic order from Merchantalism to “Free Trade”. It was a day when human beings who had been classified as “chattel”, became free. It was not just a change in the status of their labour – from slave to “free labour” – but an acknowledgement of their humanity. That is an inaugural even that has to stand alone.For the Indentured Indians, however, even though in retrospect one could question how “voluntary” was a decision made to emigrate after their livelihoods had been destroyed by the British, the immigrants themselves took the contract seriously. In fact, in Fiji the “agreement” was rendered into Bhojpuri as “Girmit” and they defined themselves as “Girmitiya – people of the agreement.The “agreement” harked back to the indentured contract under which the majority of Europeans in the New World were brought as “bound” labourers. This started before and was coterminous with the beginning of African slavery. They had to work for a specified period for specified wages, after which they were usually given freedom and a plot of land.The Indian indenture contract was generally for five years and included a clause that gave them the right to a return passage to India, rather than a plot of land. And this was the seminal difference with the end of slavery versus the end of Indian indentureship. Each immigrant had his/her own “end of indentureship” and collectively, new immigrants were seen as workers who were undercutting their wage rates as “free labour”.While the conditions of labour were quite abysmal and transgressions of the contract were subject to criminal prosecutions, at no time were Indian indentureds legal chattel. The terms of the contract were invariably interpreted to favour the planters and at least on a dozen occasions the strikes by the indentureds to protest severe breaches were answered by bullets that killed dozens and wounded hundreds. But while there were several local Indian critics of indentured system, there was no organised effort to end it.In the end, it was the work of Gandhi in South Africa that brought the plight of the indentureds in the British colonies to the consciousness of the Indian nationalists in India. Promised if they cooperated with British rule in India, Indians eventually would be British citizens in the British Empire they were stung when the “free” Indian merchants and professionally were treated like the “coolies”.They forced the end of indentureship as much to salve their own pride, as ending the inequities of the system, which ended with a whimper and not with a bank here. It is time we interrogate indentureship from the perspective of the present with an eye to the future.
When the issue of the controversial purchase of 50 Very High Frequency (VHF) communication radio sets by the Guyana Elections Commission (GECOM) for close to G0 million first broke, it sparked much criticism and prompted a special probe by the Auditor General’s Office into this and other similar transactions conducted by the organisation.This newspaper reported, a few days ago, that the special audit has progressed to the point where the AG has submitted his report to GECOM with the hope that the Commissioners would take the necessary actions against those found to be involved in any wrongdoing. AG Deodat Sharma has since taken a firm stance on the matter, and has wasted no time in sending a strong signal to the agencies involved: that, should they fail to act, he would not hesitate in calling in the Guyana Police Force, if he has to. He was clear in pointing out that “the Audit Act says I can send my report to the DPP (Director of Public Prosecutions) and the police.”Over the years, GECOM’s procurement practices had come under the microscope after allegations of high-level corruption began to surface. In fact, the controversial radio sets’ purchase was the most blatant, and sparked public outrage by the political Opposition and other stakeholders. The purchases were made prior to the 2015 General and Regional Elections, raising concerns over the extraordinarily high cost of the equipment.Based on reports, the radio sets were purchased for use during the 2015 General and Regional Elections, particularly in the outlying regions of Guyana. However, they were never put into use after it was discovered that many of them were not working. As a matter of fact, sections of the Guyanese media reported that the Australia-based manufacturer, Barrett Communications, through its European office, had distanced itself from the purchase. The company made it clear that it had ceased to produce the equipment more than five years ago.Information also surfaced that while the electoral body would have collected quotations from a number of suppliers, it had handed the contract for the supply of the equipment to a company owned by a Water Street, Georgetown businessman.In addition to this most recent case, there were several other cases wherein concerns were raised regarding the methods employed by GECOM in procuring goods and services. In fact, at a previous press conference, one commissioner bluntly told the media that he believed corruption at the electoral body is deep-rooted with key players at many levels of the organisation.If we are to go by what some commissioners are saying, at least in the press, there are serious problems plaguing the organization, and those should be addressed forthwith, not only as they relate to transparency and accountability of public funds, but the overall management and delivery of credible elections.It is no secret that GECOM spends hundreds of millions of dollars, especially in election years or periods when there are heightened activities, such as continuous/house-to-house registration etc, and all efforts must be made to ensure that national procurement laws are followed in utilising those funds.The AG, on many occasions before, had highlighted many lapses in the system over the years, but it is not certain what actions are being taken by GECOM and the powers that be to ensure public funds are spent in a transparent and accountable manner.While many are anxiously waiting to see how the Commissioners would treat the findings and recommendations included in the AG’s probe on the radio sets’ purchase, it is our hope that GECOM would learn its lesson from this entire episode and take the necessary steps to ensure that it is never again caught up in this mess.We had stated before that, as an independent constitutional body, GECOM enjoys financial, functional and operational autonomy; and like every agency which is financed with public funds, it must account in a transparent manner for the expenditure of these funds. Further, principally due to the nature of its work, the organisation should do everything in its power to win the public’s trust. Being caught up in such controversies does not help in any way.
Dear Editor,A few days ago, I urged Government to handle the issue with Vishnu Persaud carefully, lest it becomes one totally about race more than about his alleged poor performance executing the voter education exercise for the past two general elections.Today, I take time out to commend both the Police and the Public Security Ministry for breaking up a terrible gang of men who had spread terror to the Berbice fishing community through a reign of terror dating back to more than a decade.Googling some of the previous piracy attacks, it is clear to me that this has been going on for far too long. While researching, I came across a Stabroek News story back in February of 2007 pertaining to fishermen complaining to then Security Minister Clement Rohee about how fearful they were of going to sea. Some have migrated; others have abandoned the industry completely.Luckily for all of us, the leaders of the gangs which had for years been operating on the Corentyne coast with impunity overstepped their bounds in a very big way with the brutal killing of about 15 men off the Suriname coast in late April.The massive Police and governmental response by authorities in Guyana and Suriname appears to have now led to the demise of the gang, with its leaders before Guyanese courts. Several henchmen are also facing piracy charges. The response must have caught them by surprise.And until I read it in local papers, I was completely unaware that Guyanese law allows Police to charge a pirate or alleged pirate for an act committed in or outside Guyana’s waters.So, surely, the gang leaders were unaware of this exceptional clause, and will likely pay for it with extended jail sentences, if not the death penalty. Going forward, many of us will closely monitor activities on the high seas, to see if the gang and its leaders have in fact been wiped out, or if new ones will emerge.Whatever it may be, authorities must keep their foot on the pedal to ensure that fishermen are free to work without fear of being attacked, tied to weights, and dumped overboard.They must do so, as hard as it is to believe that they were Guyanese who had done these heinous things to their fellow countrymen, some of whom lived in the same community as their victims.Sincerely,Winston Mars
0Shares0000Woods’ form deserted him as he endured a miserable Ryder Cup © AFP / FRANCK FIFESAINT-QUENTIN-EN-YVELINES, France, Sep 30 – A despondent Tiger Woods admitted that he “was a contributing factor” as to why the United States surrendered the Ryder Cup to Europe, after losing all four of his matches at Le Golf National.The 14-time major champion suffered only his second singles defeat in the match-play showdown with a 2 and 1 loss to Jon Rahm as Europe charged to victory. His miserable Ryder Cup record now stands at 13 wins, 21 losses and three halves.“It’s disappointing because I went 0-4, and that’s four points to the European team,” admitted Woods.“I’m one of the contributing factors to why we lost the Cup, and it’s not a lot of fun.“It’s frustrating because we came here, I thought we were all playing pretty well, and I just didn’t perform at the level that I had been playing, and just got behind early in the matches and never got back.”The former world number one headed to Paris in high spirits after capping a magnificent comeback season from injury with his first title since 2013 at the Tour Championship last week.But it all went badly wrong, losing twice in the fourballs alongside Patrick Reed and once in the foursomes with Bryson DeChambeau — all defeats coming at the hands of Tommy Fleetwood and Francesco Molinari.Woods said that fatigue may have played a part in his struggles, having barely played in 2016 and 2017 and having spinal fusion back surgery.“I played seven out of nine weeks… All of those are big events, starting with the Open Championship,” said the 42-year-old.“For me, it’s been a lot of golf for a short period of time.“I’ll have a better understanding of what my training needs to be for next year so that I certainly can endure the entire season because this year was very much up in the air of how much I would play or if I would play at all.”The Americans had high hopes of winning in Europe for the first time since 1993, with Woods among nine major champions in their ranks, but were blown away after winning the opening three fourball matches on Friday morning.Woods did not play as poorly as some of his teammates — being badly let down by a misfiring Reed on the first two days — but was a shadow of the man who sealed his emotional comeback just days before.“To have a Ryder Cup end that way, for me personally, it doesn’t feel very good because I didn’t help my teammates earn any points,” he added.“At the end of the day, we came here as a team and we win or lose, and unfortunately we lost this one.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
Crystal Palace have suffered another blow in their hunt for a new manager after Tim Sherwood ruled himself out of the running, according to widespread reports.The former Tottenham boss was considered to be leading the way to succeed Tony Pulis following the breakdown in negotiations between Malky Mackay and the Premier League side on Wednesday. But Sherwood is now believed to have informed the south London club he is not interested in taking over.The ex-Spurs player was interviewed about the post over the weekend before the Eagles switched their attentions to appointing Mackay, only for talks to falter regarding the makeup of the Scot’s backroom team.It then emerged the former Cardiff boss had been reported to the Football Association for his alleged part in a series of racist, sexist and homophobic texts with ex-Bluebirds sporting director Iain Moody.Palace then reapproached Sherwood about taking over but similarly to Mackay, it is believed the 45-year-old’s desire to have control over who assists him has proved a stumbling block.It means that Palace caretaker manager Keith Millen and ex-Celtic coach Neil Lennon are now considered the favourites to succeed Pulis at Selhurst Park. Tim Sherwood 1
LOS ANGELES – A federal judge has ruled that forcing county jail inmates to sleep on the floor to relieve overcrowding is unconstitutional. U.S District Judge Dean D. Pregerson said in a ruling released Friday that jail officials violated inmates’ right to protection from cruel and unusual punishment, and were guilty of “deliberate indifference” for failing to provide them with bunks. “This is quite an extraordinary ruling,” said attorney Stephen Yagman, who represented prisoners involved in a class-action lawsuit. “I’ve never seen anything like it.” Attorney Paul B. Beach, who represented the county in the lawsuit, did not immediately respond to a telephone message left seeking comment early Monday by The Associated Press. He declined comment to the Los Angeles Times on Sunday. Sheriff’s Department spokesman Steve Whitmore said the practice of having inmates sleep on the floor “is over, and has been for a while now.” The lawsuit covers inmates who were forced to sleep on the floor from December 2000 to May 2005. Yagman said Sunday that he had two other class-action cases involving inmates who were allegedly forced to sleep on floors from May 2005 to as recently as this year. 160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Sparr Summer Fun for Children through Aug. 4, 2-5 p.m., Sparr Heights Community Center, 1613 Glencoe Way, Glendale. $10 per child for the week. Call (818) 548-2187. Reseda Neighborhood Council Youth Advocacy Committee will meet, 7 p.m., RNC office, 18341 Sherman Way, No. 102. Call (818) 832-7540. Mail Datebook entries – including time, date, location and phone number – to Daily News City Desk, P.O. Box 4200, Woodland Hills, CA 91365; fax (818) 713-0058; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREWhy these photogenic dumplings are popping up in Los Angeles160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
1 Arsene Wenger Arsene Wenger has urged his young players to seize the chance presented by Arsenal’s Europa League campaign as they await their opening away fixture at BATE Borisov in Belarus.He also urged their hosts’ supporters to avoid a repeat of the racist abuse that has previously undermined European fixtures, and revealed plans to meet Belarusian former Arsenal midfielder Alexander Hleb, who started his career at BATE.Wenger is understood to have travelled without Laurent Koscielny, Aaron Ramsey, Mesut Ozil, Alexis Sanchez, Granit Xhaka, Alexandre Lacazette, Sead Kolasinac, Hector Bellerin and Nacho Monreal. Injuries to Alex Iwobi, Santi Cazorla, Francis Coquelin, Calum Chambers and Danny Welbeck have further limited his options.In their absences the senior players include Per Mertesacker, Jack Wilshere, Olivier Giroud and Theo Walcott, meaning the promising Ainsley Maitland-Niles is among those likely to feature, and the manager said: “This is the kind of job: you do not get 10 opportunities to play for Arsenal.“Even if they only get 20 minutes, you have to convince people you have the qualities to do it and the courage to play and show your qualities.“We see in training that the player has quality. He is here because he has the qualities. After, to show it during competition is something different, and you only discover that during the competition.“I said on Monday night after the (2-0 defeat of West Brom) that I would play an experienced team with a young bench. We have a very tight schedule and it is an important game, and that’s why there is only one or two young players who will start.”Discussing Maitland-Niles, 20, Wenger said: “His best position is defensive midfield. He has exceptional pace, a capacity to steal the ball from people, and I am convinced that he is ready to play.“He has to improve a little bit on the concentration front, the demands of top-level football don’t tolerate some lapses of concentration, but all the rest is there.”BATE were forced by UEFA to shut part of the Borisov Arena for a Champions League fixture with Porto in November 2014 after previous accusations of racism, and Wenger said: “I don’t have any preconceived ideas.“(But) I hope that will not happen, and UEFA has always been very strong to deal with that.”The 67-year-old Frenchman was also asked about Hleb, who left Arsenal for Barcelona in 2008, and the manager said: “He’s coming to visit us (on Wednesday evening).”Mertesacker is to retire at the season’s end to become the club’s academy manager, and he similarly recognises the importance of those younger players gaining first-team experience.“We see a lot of young players training with us, a lot of young players they have a good future here, but you need to develop them in a lot of areas,” said the 32-year-old.“To train with us, to travel with us, to get an opportunity to play is a big time for such a young group.“It is a really good test to see who is willing to learn from mistakes very quickly and get on with it.”
Women At Work will offer a series of financial literacy workshops for women on money management for better living, 9:30 a.m. Tuesdays for four consecutive weeks at WAW Job and Career Resource Center, 50 North Hill Ave., Suite 300, Pasadena. Call (626) 796-6870. WEDNESDAY Women At Work will hold a seminar titled “Negotiating Your Salary or Raise,” 6:30 p.m. at WAW Job and Career Resource Center, 50 North Hill Ave., Suite 300, Pasadena. Call (626) 796-6870. Real Estate Investor Exchange will hold an investment seminar, 7:30 p.m. at the Burbank Airport Hilton, 2500 Hollywood Way, Burbank. Call (818) 720-7175. Investing in Real Estate Clubs will hold a seminar titled “How to Evaluate and Locate Wholesale Properties,” 6:30 p.m. at The Acapulco Restaurant, 385 N. La Cienega Blvd., Los Angeles. Call (818) 232-3188. THURSDAY Women At Work will hold a seminar titled “Eldercare and Its Impact on You,” 12:15 p.m. at WAW Job and Career Resource Center, 50 North Hill Ave., Suite 300, Pasadena. Call (626) 796-6870. Investing in Real Estate Clubs will hold a seminar titled “How to Evaluate and Locate Wholesale Properties,” 6:30 p.m. at Royal Buffet Restaurant, 530 E. 33rd St., Long Beach. Call (818) 232-3188. FRIDAY The Valley Industry and Commerce Association will hold its 18th annual Business Forecast Conference, 7:30 a.m. at the Sheraton Universal Hotel, 333 Universal Hollywood Drive, Universal City. Call (818) 817-0545. SATURDAY Reavan’s Corporation is sponsoring a legal and business seminar, 10 a.m. at the Summerfield Suites Hotel, 810 S. Douglas St., El Segundo. Call (310) 800-6333. CONTINUING EVENTS TODAY The Stargazer Oriental Restaurant & Bar will host a business networking mixer at 5 p.m. at 6501 Fallbrook Ave., West Hills. Call (818) 704-6633. Temple City Toastmasters meets at 7 p.m. the second and fourth Mondays of each month at Live Oak Park, 10144 Bogue St., Temple City. Call (626) 444-1482. Pre-Paid Legal Services will meet at 7:15 p.m. at the Renaissance Hotel, 30100 Agoura Road, Agoura Hills. Call (818) 781-1111. The Winnetka Chamber of Commerce meets at 6:30 p.m. the first Monday of each month at Canoga Park Bowl, Canoga Park. Call (818) 348-6908. The Toluca Lake Lions Club meets at 7 p.m. the first and third Mondays of each month at Paty’s Restaurant, 10001 Riverside Drive, Toluca Lake. TUESDAY The YMCA’s Coed Service Club meets at 6 p.m. the first and third Tuesdays of each month at various restaurants. For more information, call (818) 841-0387. California Entrepreneur Women meets at 6 p.m. the second Tuesday of each month at Carrows Restaurant, 18355 Ventura Blvd., Tarzana. Call (818) 996-4226. The Mayor’s Office of International Trade offers free international-trade assistance the second Tuesday of each month at the Valley Economic Alliance, 5121 Van Nuys Blvd., Sherman Oaks. Call (818) 379-7000. The Business Works Networking Group meets at 7 p.m. the second and fourth Tuesdays of each month at Carol’s Restaurant, Northridge. Call (805) 497-0092. To Network meets at 7 a.m. each Tuesday at Mimi’s Cafe, 400 N. Moorpark Road, Thousand Oaks. Call (805) 377-0853. The Greater San Fernando Valley Business and Professional Women meets at 7 p.m. the second Tuesday of each month. For more information, call (818) 789-5414. The Kiwanis Club of Tarzana will meet at 6:30 p.m. at Paul’s Cafe, 18588 Ventura Blvd., Tarzana. Call (818) 996-1020. Business Network International, Lunch Bunch Chapter, will meet at noon at Carousel Restaurant, 150 E. Angeleno St., Burbank. Call (818) 519-1717, Ext. 220. The Professional Business Network of the San Fernando Valley will meet at 7:05 a.m. at IHOP, 19100 Ventura Blvd., Tarzana. For more information, call (818) 585-0632 or log on to www.leads4business.com. The Network Advantage of Santa Clarita will meet at 7:15 a.m. at Mimi’s Cafe, Magic Mountain Parkway, Valencia. Call (661) 702-9687. The Harbor chapter of Business Network International will meet at 7 a.m. at Mimi’s Cafe in Ventura. For more information, call (805) 647-3600. The Optimist Club in Action meets at 7 p.m. the second and fourth Tuesdays of each month at Big Jim’s Restaurant, 8950 Laurel Canyon Blvd., Sun Valley. Call (818) 785-2877. The International Association of Administrative Professionals, Satellite Chapter, meets at 6 p.m. the third Tuesday of each month at Chaminade College Preparatory, 10210 Oakdale Ave., Chatsworth. Call (818) 704-0763. BizNet Online magazine will host a networking breakfast from 8 to 9:30 at Denny’s Restaurant, 9001 Tampa Ave., Northridge. Call (818) 892-7883, Ext. 6, or visit the Web site at www.biznetonline.com. Burbank Business Network International will meet at 7 a.m. at the Carousel Restaurant Holiday Inn, 105 E. Angeleno Ave., Burbank. Call Harvey Branman at (818) 954-9294. The Business Referral Group of Tarzana will meet from 7:30 a.m. to 8:30 a.m. at the International House of Pancakes, 19100 Ventura Blvd., Tarzana. Call (818) 881-4900. The Computer Users Group meets at 7 p.m. each Tuesday at Granada Pavilion, 11128 Balboa Blvd., Granada Hills. Call Mariam Radcliffe at (818) 249-1629 or visit the Web site at www.tugnet.org. Empowerment Systems workshop: “Helping Achievers Succeed.” Call Steve Chichester at (661) 287-4753. Crescenta Valley Chapter of Ali Lassen’s Leads Club will meet at 7:15 a.m. at the Decadence Espresso Bar, 3820 Ocean View Blvd., Montrose. Call (800) 767-7337. LeTip of Calabasas will meet at 7 a.m. at Marmalade Cafe, 4783 Commons Way, Calabasas. Call Glenn Neely at (800) 617-5626, Ext. 210. LeTip of Santa Clarita will meet at 7:15 a.m. at the International House of Pancakes, 24737 W. Pico Canyon Road, Stevenson Ranch. Call Dr. John at (661) 222-9021. Motivated Toastmasters will meet from 6:50 to 8:30 a.m. at Denny’s Restaurant, 5525 Sepulveda Blvd., Sherman Oaks. Call (310) 979-5777. North Valley Regional Chamber of Commerce Senior Services Business Council will meet at noon at Tango D’amore Restaurant on Nordhoff St., Northridge. Call (818) 349-5676. Pre-Paid Legal Services meets Tuesdays at 7 p.m. at the Glendale Hilton Hotel, 100 Glenoaks Blvd., Glendale. Call (818) 781-1111. Power Partners of Santa Clarita will meet at 7 a.m. at Marie Callender’s, Magic Mountain Parkway and The Old Road, Valencia. Call (661) 298-5330. Premier Business Xchange will meet at 7:15 a.m. at the Woodland Hills Country Club, 21150 Dumetz Road, Woodland Hills. Call (818) 832-1463. Rising Star Toastmasters meets from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. the first and third Tuesdays of each month at Frank’s Restaurant, 6005 Vineland Ave., North Hollywood. Call (818) 982-9999. The Thousand Oaks Leads Club will meet at 7 a.m. at Mimi’s Cafe, 400 N. Moorpark Road, Thousand Oaks. Call (805) 371-0188. The Warner Center Rotary Club will meet at 8 a.m. Tuesdays at the Holiday Inn, 2101 Ventura Blvd., Woodland Hills. Call (818) 348-1440 or (818) 737-1347. The Zonta Club of Conejo Valley meets the first and third Tuesdays of each month at California Lutheran University, Thousand Oaks. Call Sandra Cherry at (800) 266-2077. The Economic Alliance of the San Fernando Valley hosts an economic and business development meeting, 8 a.m. the second Tuesday of even-number months at the Economic Alliance Conference Room, 5121 Van Nuys Blvd., Suite 200, Sherman Oaks. Call (818) 379-7000. The Economic Alliance of the San Fernando Valley hosts a livable and sustainable communities meeting, 8 a.m. the third Tuesday of each month at Economic Alliance BFG Boardroom, 5121 Van Nuys Blvd., Suite 200, Sherman Oaks. Call (818) 379-7000. The Economic Alliance of the San Fernando Valley will host a business and education partnership meeting, 8:30 a.m. at L.A. Valley College, Fireside Room, 5800 Fulton Ave., Van Nuys. Call (818) 379-7000. WEDNESDAY Business Network International of Northridge will meet at 7 a.m. at Porter Valley Country Club, Rinaldi Street at Tampa Avenue. Call Marty Laff at (818) 886-4670. The Greater Los Angeles Professionals chapter of Experience Unlimited meets at 9 a.m. the first Wednesday of each month at the WorkSource Center, 21010 Vanowen St., Canoga Park. Call (818) 596-4432. The Calabasas Leads Club will meet at 7:15 a.m. at Weiler’s Delicatessen, 22323 Sherman Way, Canoga Park. Call Patti at (818) 346-1099. The Valley International Trade Association hosts a business networking breakfast seminar the third Wednesday of each month at 7:30 at 5121 Van Nuys Blvd., Sherman Oaks. Call (818) 379-7000. LeTip of Encino will meet at 7 a.m. at the Encino Glen Restaurant, 16821 Burbank Blvd., Encino. Call (818) 788-0011. Valley Business Network will meet at 7 a.m. at the Woodland Hills Country Club, 21150 Dumetz Road, Woodland Hills. Call (818) 705-4866. The San Fernando Valley Council of Beta Sigma Phi, International Woman’s Cultural, Social and Philanthropic Organizations meets at 8 p.m. the first Wednesday of each month at 16916 San Fernando Mission Blvd., Granada Hills. Call (818) 508-4705. Kiwanis International, the Burbank Noon Club, will meet at noon at the YMCA in Burbank. Call (818) 954-9294. The Rotary Club of Mid San Fernando Valley meets each Wednesday at 7:15 a.m. at Coco’s Family Restaurant, 16835 Sherman Way, Van Nuys. Call (661) 294-7030. The Thousand Oaks Kiwanis Club meets at 7:30 a.m. each Wednesday at the Plug Nickel Restaurant, 717 Lakefield Road, Westlake Village. Call (805) 371-0122. The Conejo Valley Optimist Club meets each Wednesday at noon at the Plug Nickel Restaurant, 717 Lakefield Road, Westlake Village. Call (805) 375-6975. Pre-Paid Legal Services will meet at 7 p.m. at the Marriott Courtyard Hotel, 15433 Ventura Blvd., Sherman Oaks. Call (818) 781-1111. The Rotary Club of Van Nuys will meet at noon at the 94th Aero Squadron, 16320 Raymer St., Van Nuys. Call (818) 988-0180. Executive Toastmasters Club 412 meets from noon to 1:30 p.m. the first and third Wednesdays of each month at Acapulco, 385 N. La Cienega Blvd., Los Angeles. The Pacemasters Toastmasters club will meet at 11:45 a.m. at St. Jude Medical, 15900 Valley View Court, Sylmar. Call (818) 493-3203 or log on to www.pacesetter.com/toastmasters.htm. The Mid-Valley Chapter of Business Network International will meet at 7 a.m. at Bakers Square, 17921 Chatsworth St., Granada Hills. Call (818) 667-8967. The Northridge Leads Club will meet at 7:15 a.m. at Marie Callender’s, 19310 Business Center Drive, Northridge. Call (800) 767-7337. Business Network International, the Power Professionals Chapter, will meet from 12:30 to 2 p.m. at the Paradise Cafe, 4224 Vineland Ave., North Hollywood. Call Harvey Branman at (818) 954-9294. Burbank Toastmasters meets at 6:45 p.m. the first and third Wednesdays of each month at First Christian Church, 221 S. Sixth St., Burbank. Call Michael Devine at (818) 242-4458. The Business Exchange Group will meet from 7:15 a.m. to 8:30 a.m. at Marie Callender’s, 19310 Business Center Drive, Northridge. Call (818) 377-5851. The Conejo Valley Leads Club will meet at 7:15 a.m. at Mimi’s Cafe, 400 N. Moorpark Road, Thousand Oaks. Call Julie Paris at (818) 707-3770. Crescenta Valley Business Network International will meet for breakfast at 7 a.m. at the La Ca¤ada Flintridge Country Club, 5500 Godbey Drive, La Ca¤ada Flintridge. Call (818) 954-9294. The Executives Association of the San Fernando Valley will meet at 7:15 a.m. at the Warner Center Marriott. Call (818) 703-6161. Jewel City Toastmasters will meet at 7 p.m. in the Red Cross Building, 1501 S. Brand Blvd., Glendale. Call Linda Cota-Kumagai at (818) 771-7180. The Joseph P. Rinnert Toastmasters Club meets from 7 to 9 p.m. the second and fourth Wednesdays of each month at India’s Tandoori Restaurant, 11819 Wilshire Blvd., No. 206, West Los Angeles. Call (213) 384-9727. The Mid-Valley Chamber of Commerce’s monthly breakfast meeting is held at 7:15 a.m. the last Wednesday of each month except December at the Airtel Plaza Hotel, 7277 Valjean Ave., Van Nuys. Call (818) 989-0300. North Valley Regional Chamber of Commerce Special Events Networking Cluster will meet at 5:30 p.m. at the chamber office, 9401 Reseda Blvd., Northridge. Pacific Coast Business Networking of Simi Valley meets at 7 a.m. each Wednesday at Denny’s, 2460 Sycamore Drive, Simi Valley. Call (805) 306-6410. The National Association of Women Business Owners meets the second Wednesday of each month at Maria’s Italian Kitchen, 16608 Ventura Blvd., Encino. Call (818) 901-7900. The San Fernando Valley (UCLA) Bruins Business Networking Group meets at 7:30 a.m. the fourth Wednesday of each month at IHOP, 19100 Ventura Blvd., Tarzana. Open to all UCLA alumni. Call Larry Davis at (818) 366-2470. The Rotary Club of Woodland Hills meets at noon each Wednesday at Woodland Hills County Club, 21150 Dumetz Road. Visitors welcome. Call (818) 702-0083. The Toluca Lake Leads Club will meet at 7:15 a.m. at Mo’s Restaurant, 4301 Riverside Drive, Burbank. Call Jon Molin at (818) 763-5162, Ext. 134. The Women’s Enrichment Circle meets at 6:30 p.m. the second and fourth Wednesdays of each month at 1275 Bluesail Circle, Westlake Village. Call (818) 222-0160. – Compiled by Kim Armendariz Note: Some events may require reservations or fees. The Daily News welcomes items for Business Agenda. All items should be received at least two weeks before event. Send to Business Agenda, P.O. Box 4200, Woodland Hills, CA 91365.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! MEETINGS TUESDAY The North Valley Regional Chamber of Commerce will hold a networking breakfast, 7 o’clock at the Northridge Fashion Center food court. Call (818) 349-5676. WEDNESDAY The Burbank Chamber of Commerce will present the annual State of the City address and luncheon, 11:30 a.m. at the Hilton Burbank Airport and Convention Center, 2500 Hollywood Way, Burbank. THURSDAY The Century City Chamber of Commerce Women’s Business Council will hold the Women of Achievement awards luncheon, 11:30 a.m. at the Beverly Hills Hotel, 9641 Sunset Blvd., Beverly Hills. Call (310) 553-2222. SEMINARS TUESDAY